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Topic: Cacao

Mga veterans patulong namn po.

1. Bakit yung bunga ng cacao e nangingitim?
2. CAuse and Effects?
3. Pano ma solusyunan?

Thanks po na marami

2 (edited by nagacocoa Apr 21 2011 11:04:00)

Re: Cacao

Hi,
May I know what is the age of your cacao trees po?
Maybe this is only its first fruiting season say 30-32months old. Normally on the onset of its maturity to fruiting, most of its flowers will be aborted in its first flowering, most likely due to the flower cushion (where the fruit stalk/branch attach to the branch / trunk of the tree) not yet established. Just some infos from my blog:

"....The tree is a perennial crop that yields several harvests annually. First cultivated in South America, it was introduced into Europe during the 16th century. Today it is grown in western Africa of Ghana, Ivory Coast, Nigeria and Cameroon, also in Brazil and Ecuador in South America. Indonesia, Malaysia and Philippines also cultivate cocoa in South East Asia.

The plants need rainfall of average 80+ inches annually, alluvial loose soil of 4.5ph – 6.5ph and grow well in humid areas of the tropics with about 18 to 30 degrees Celsius. It can grow up to 1000meters above sea level but most are grown below 300meters. The average cacao tree attains a height of about 6 m (about 20 ft) and has shiny leaves, as long as 30 cm (12 in), and small pink flowers on the trunk and older branches. Only about 30 of the 6000 annual blossoms eventually bear seeds. When seeds are ripe they rattle in the capsule when shaken; each capsule contains about 25 seeds; if separated from the capsule they become infertile within days, but if kept therein they retain their fertility for 7 – 10 days before starting to germinate. The tree bears its leaves, flowers and fruit (like the orange tree) all the year round once the tree reaches maturity between 3 – 5 years old, depending on the variety.... "

You might be interested to drop by in the other topic here :
Industrial Crops >> Cocoa Beans Farming

Happy farming  wink

cocoa&oilpalm infos: http://cocoaphilippinesblog.blogspot.com/
http://www.flickr.com/photos/nagacocoa/

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Re: Cacao

good day sir! I was reading some cocoa article from FAO and i discovered that the disease is called Black Pod Disease.  Im trying to find out if there are available source of copper preparations in order to control the spread of the disease aside from burning the pods.

Thank you for your quick response!

4 (edited by nagacocoa Apr 23 2011 10:12:20)

Re: Cacao

That's interesting but as I mentioned, what's the age of your plants? Is this your 1st fruiting season? Black Pod Disease is fungal infections (Phytoptora) and normally occur during wet months or in areas with low-lying stagnant water-logged areas. Cacao like well-drained soil to flourish.

If you want to use chemical spraying, you can use fungicides @10-15ml/16lit knapsack sprayer. At the same time, you can do some formation pruning, opening up your canopy and maintain about 10-15% sunlight penetration (if your plants are 3-5years old), giving more aeration within the tree canopy but be cautious not to over-pruned. If your plants are >5 years, sunlight penetration can be between 15-20%.

If your trees are >5years and I assume you are now harvesting routinely (say at 2rounds interval / month @ 12-15days interval), the manual control method after harvesting and splitting the pods and collecting the beans is to bury all pod-husks. Preferably, bury the pods-husks outside your cacao farm.

Link: 
1) http://www.dropdata.org/cocoa/cocoa_prob.htm
2) http://annmariekostyk.com/2010/04/17/di … oma-cacao/

cocoa&oilpalm infos: http://cocoaphilippinesblog.blogspot.com/
http://www.flickr.com/photos/nagacocoa/

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Re: Cacao

saan po ba pwede makakuha ng superior cacao planting materials, preferably south luzon area. please contact me  coldwater1978@yahoo.com.

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Re: Cacao

Can PCAARRD please share with me any Excel file on budget, costings, and income projections on developing a cacao farm. Thank you.

Please send to pgalace@yahoo.com

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Re: Cacao

pgalace wrote:

Can PCAARRD please share with me any Excel file on budget, costings, and income projections on developing a cacao farm. Thank you.

Please send to pgalace@yahoo.com

Hi!

Kindly check the link sent to the email provided. Hope that helps, thanks!