1

Re: highest rice yield per hectare achieved in the philippines

hi all,

i would like to compile a record of the highest per hectare yield from each municipality in the philippines. must be from at least one hectare field, not partial.

also some of the non chemical methodology used

we should all be interested in this for purposes of rice self sufficiency for our nation.

would appreciate information even anecdotal (kwentohan) second hand from municipal agriculturists provided the name of the farmer and barangay is mentioned.

2

Re: highest rice yield per hectare achieved in the philippines

hi,

would you believe more than 300 cavans per hectare is possible?

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Re: highest rice yield per hectare achieved in the philippines

The Future In A Grain

THE Primer Farm School (PFS) will open on June 15 in San Jose City,  Nueva Ecija, with a simple aim: Let us export rice in three years. If this appears to be too ambitious, let us make it in four.  In between the horrendous lack of rice, which also causes the price of corn grits to soar, is the attainment of rice self-sufficiency in three years.
Central to this aspiration is the Rice Profit Protocol (RPP) developed by inventor Alfonso G. Puyat and farmer Fernando Gabuyo Jr.
What is the RPP?
It is a rice methodology that allows a dramatic increase in rice yields with a minimal addition of inputs (slightly less than P2,000) to the regular expenses now incurred in the production in irrigated rice fields.
It may be used on all rice varieties, although results will differ according to rice-variety potential. These high yields are sustainable and require just the same amount of fertilizer as the regular rice-growing practice.
The protocol involves three processes and their special inputs:
1. Improve soil texture and productivity by the on-site rapid production of organic fertilizer from the unburn plant residues, old roots and dry straw through the application of Philor Xemas probiotic degrader.
2.Boost the plant’s productivity by foliar application of Philo ANAA, a plant-growth promotant and vitamin solution together with chelated secondary and microelements that immediately increase the plant’s overall growth rate, and its rate of utilizing externally supplied plant-growth inputs.
3.Apply Philor X-R-C inputs-soluble silicon to reinforce plant structure to minimize lodging. Additionally, the protocol requires the practice of a 10-day cycle of intermittent irrigation after the first week of rice-seedling transplant.
Gabuyo, a marine engineering graduate, served on an interisland ship before turning full-time farmer. He has had a number of awards as a farmer.
Puyat, son of the late Senate President Gil Puyat, graduated with a business administration degree at the University of the Philippines. He took up his MBA at Wharton, and later became a bank and insurance executive. But agricultural and scientific research has been his passion since his collegiate days, aside from photography.
What drew Puyat’s attention to Gabuyo was the latter’s winning one of the top prizes in the Bigante Higanteng Ani Award given by Bayer Crop Science.
Gabuyo, with a harvest of 221 cavans per hectare, was second only to Eulogio Guira of Davao del Sur with 227.
Through San Jose City agriculturist Rogelio Malunay, a link was made between the inventor and the farmer.
In the 2005 dry-season planting, Gabuyo, using Puyat’s inputs and methodology, harvested 337 cavans per hectare, 100 more than the Mindanao champion. There was a successive increase in yields: 346 in 2006, 354 in 2007.
In 2006 this writer suggested to Puyat and Gabuyo organizing a training outfit or a school so that the RPP could be spread nationwide. If a sizeable number of farmers adopting the RPP could be documented, dissemination would be faster.
Planting rice never fun
Planting rice is never fun, according to a song learned in grade school. But a tinge of romance can still be attached to it.
In April 2006 there was moonlight, no roses, but a plenitude of rice sheaves. From late afternoon and then the fall of evening up to daybreak, when the moonlight spread like a pale yellow carpet on Gabuyo’s field, I helped pile the rice sheaves for the threshing preparatory to the measuring and weighing to be made in the afternoon of the following day.
Extra hands are hired in Nueva Ecija during the peak of harvest. The same held true, was truer in Gabuyo’s field.
The hired hands knew there was a scheduled measuring and weighing. Haggling for higher wages, they started work late in the morning, rested before noon, resumed work past 2 in the afternoon.
Every hand was needed to help pile the sheaves. All of us were tinted with moonlight and, resting to the sound of irrigation water, I thought of a training outfit or school. No name came to mind. Primer only settled, like a homing butterfly, this April. Primer would be an appropriate name and it was the title of my column in the Philippine Collegian many years ago.
It was the recent rice crisis and the threat of traditional rice exporters not to sell rice to the Philippines—softening only after we agreed to buy rice at almost four times the regular price—that prompted the decision to push through with the school.
From Misamis Oriental, where I joined the Higaonons from the provinces of Agusan del Sur, Agusan del Norte, Misamis Oriental and Bukidnon in their Domalondong, or tribal gathering, to Cebu, where our members of the Toledo Green Coconut Farmers Association covering the cities of Toledo and Naga and the municipalities of Pinamungahan, Aloguinsan,Barili, Balamban, Asturias and Tuburan are into coconut replanting and intercropping (initially cacao), I proceeded to Puyat’s house in Forbes Park.
We agreed, difficulties, limitations and all, that it was time for us to shed our anxieties and push through with the school.
Puyat and I drove to San Jose City, passing a cornfield in Pampanga where the corn with the Puyat input was revealing more ears. We talked to Gabuyo and his wife Erlinda. The consensus was that it was time to do away with our trepidations. No one could be more daunted by the task than we are.
The three of us met with Councilor Resty Domingo, chairman of the agriculture committee of the city council, and OIC city agriculturist Amarillo. They said if we were that determined, we have the blessings of Mayor Marivic Violago Belena.
The format of the school is very simple. The farmer-trainees will work hands-on in Gabuyo’s farm and the farms of his farmer-neighbors who have adopted the RPP. This will be for a full planting season (four months) beginning June 15, with 30 to 60 participants. There will be another set for the dry-planting season.
To maximize their four-month stay, the farmer-trainees will be taught vegetable gardening. Gabuyo, using East West seeds technology, the usual fertilizer and Puyat’s input, is earning P100,000 per season from his 600-sq-m lot near his rice field.
They will be taught freshwater-fish culture.
San Jose City is near Muñoz. They will be introduced to the Philippine Carabao Center and the Small Ruminant Department of the Central Luzon State University.
The main focus is rice, but it will not harm to make of each farmer-trainee a compleat farmer.
The Primer Farm School plans to organize a “300 Club” for those harvesting 300 cavans/hectare and above; and a “200 Club” for those harvesting 200 cavans/hectare but below 300.
In the municipality of Santo Domingo, which is near San Jose City, one prized farmer this April harvested 260 cavans/hectare, from 246 last year. Another harvested 237, from 215 last year. If there was a link and they had adopted the RPP, they would be prime candidates for the 300 Club.
The Primer Farm School has invited a number of first-termers in the House of Representatives, especially those with constituents with irrigated rice fields to help end the anxieties about the rice crisis by sending one or two farmer-trainees to the PFS on June 15.
It’s a small step for a big dream, but knowing that the alternative—widespread hunger and unrest—is beyond contemplation might be just enough to push the effort to reality.

*Mr. Osorio has been a development advocate-cum-social scientist for nearly four decades, tirelessly advocating the mix of policy, technology and people empowerment to help communities hurdle natural and man-made barriers and attain prosperity, in all the communities that his peripatetic mission has taken him—from Central Luzon farmers fighting drought, to upland former kaingeros, to seaweed gatherers among the Badjaos opening their bank accounts for the first time. For feedback, he may be e-mailed at wawell2004@yahoo.com.

4

Re: highest rice yield per hectare achieved in the philippines

you can get more data from SL Agritech Corp, PhilRice, Sygenta etc.

5

Re: highest rice yield per hectare achieved in the philippines

Hybrid varieties can make RP self sufficient in rice
By Rudy A. Fernandez
Sunday, April 20, 2008
STA. CRUZ, Laguna — At least 800,000 hectares planted to hybrid rice (HR) can make the Philippines self-sufficient in this cereal.
This was asserted by Henry Lim Bon Liong, chairman chief executive officer of SL Agritech Corp., the country’s top hybrid rice producer.
ST Agritech maintains a 40-ha research and demonstration (R&D) farm at Barangay Ogong in this capital town situated about 100 kilometers southeast of Manila. It also has 700-ha production area in Lupon, Davao Oriental.
Lim stressed hybrid rice’s potential in making the country self-sufficient in this crop to officers of the Philippine Agricultural Journalists, Inc. (PAJ) who visited SL Agritech’s R&D farm here recently.
At present, according to government statistics, average yield from inbred (ordinary) rice varieties is only 2.8 tons per hects. Average yield of a hybrid rice variety is 6.5 t/ha.
Of the country’s 4.2-ha farmlands devoted to rice, only about 300,000 ha are planted to hybrid varieties.
The country is expected to produce 17.3 million metric tons of palay (11.2 million mt milled rice) this year but the requirement is 12.1 million mt.
Lim told the agriculture journalists that those planting the three percent — 8M hybrid rice variety bred by his corporation have been averaged 8-10 t/ha. But there are exceptional farmers who have been harvesting much more.
One is Adelaida Badong of Baao, Camarines Sur, who reaped 344 cav/ha in 2005. Another, Fernando Gabuyo of San Jose City, Nueva Ecija, produced 355 cav/ha.
Once, Lim told the journalists, a team of SL Agritech, while on to Cagayan Valley, spotted a tricycle bearing a small streamer on which were emblazoned the words “Katas ng SL — 8M”. When interviewed, the driver said he had earned from planting the hybrid rice variety enough to buy two tricycles and to purchase two more hectares of ricefields to add up to his original two ha.
But a few others have become millionaires because of HR. Example is a young farmer who netted P115,000/ha in his 18-ha farm.
In the latest cropping season, some farmers in Talavera, Nueva Ecija, who planted HR also average 10 /tha.
Lim asked the government, with media’s support, to intensify its information program to increase farmers’ awareness on the potentials of hybrid rice.
As it is, he said, more than 90 percent of the country’s farmers have not chosen to plant HR for one reason or another.
Moreover, there are those who continue to criticize the HR program.
Lim did not elaborate, but from this corner’s observations, the disparaging words came from the usual government critics and from farmers themselves who tried the technology but failed because they did not meticulously follow the recommendations in growing hybrid rice.
Once, a Southeast Asian group accused the government of implementing the Hybrid Rice Commercialization Program “even in the absence of proofs that it does increase farmers’ yields.”
A daily newspaper (not The STAR) also had headlined a news report branding hybrid rice as “fit only for animals.”
But the “swivel-chair critics” conveniently glossed over success stories.
“Hybrid rice production is not a lazy man’s job,” outstanding San Mateo (Isabela)) HR farmer Honorato Maningas stressed  when interviewed by researchers Imelda Olvida, Charisma Love Gado, and Salembai Abdullah of the Department of Agriculture-Philippine Rice Research Institute (DA-PhilRice).
“Some of them (other farmers) are lazy, stubborn, and impatient,” he said.
San Mateo farmer Flor Ramento also volunteered: “My highest yield in inbred rice was only 120 cav/ha. With hybrid, my highest yield was 180 cav/ha. From my profit, I was able to buy farm machines. More important, my children finished schooling (accounting and nursing) through my earnings from hybrid rice.”
Down south, Renerio Guevarra of Digos City, Davao del Sur, told PhilRice: “As long as  I use hybrid rice, I get a yield of at least 13 t/ha.
Badong also advised: “Mas maganda  siguro kung subukan muna nilang (critics) magtanim ng hybrid rice para ma-experience din nila. Kaya siguro nila nasasabi yung mga negatibong bagay na yan kasi hindi pa nila nasusubukan. Nakikinig lamang sila siguro sa sabi-sabi.”

6

Re: highest rice yield per hectare achieved in the philippines

Good day to All:

I'm an OFW and have my relatives in the Philippines into farming.  I was trying to convince them to plant this Hybrid Rice eventhough i don't have any knowledge of this but i firmly believe that this will give us a big yield and profit.

My question is, where can we get this Hybrid rice?  and how much will this cost?

Thanks and more power to all of you!

7

Re: highest rice yield per hectare achieved in the philippines

Sir King Alas you can try in PhilRice, IRRI, sa los banos po lahat yun, sa website nila makikita na po ung price. We have the same problem po kasi samin sa Atimonan ung mga farmers dun din sa inani nilang palay kumukuha ng bagong binhi kaya hindi ganun kaganda ang yield, ang katuwiran po nila may kamahalan pag bumili pa sila ng bagong binhi. Hindi rin po kasi recommended na gamitin ulit ung mga hybrid matapos mo siyang anihin. Mahal na po ang pataba at wala silang pondo na pampanimula.

8

Re: highest rice yield per hectare achieved in the philippines

Hi Terence,

Yan po ang problema sa mga farmers. Namamahalan sila sa mga binhi e kaunti lang naman ang idadagdag nila sa bayad. Marami pa din ang gumagamit ng good seeds. Pero kung dagdag lang sila ng kunti, maski certifieds seeds lang ang mabibili. Mababawi naman nila iyon at me malaking patong pa.

:)

9

Re: highest rice yield per hectare achieved in the philippines

to whom it may concern, may katanungan lang po kasi ako.easy to market po ba ang highbrid rice? empresive po ang HR but ano po ba nman ang dis-advantage ng HR,im sure mayroon gusto ko pong  malaman at ng mapag handaan,sakali mang mag umpisa po ako.salamat po at uma asang dinggin ang mensahe ko,GOD BLESS at more power sa website na ito

10

Re: highest rice yield per hectare achieved in the philippines

Lostboy ayun sa mga farmers na nakausap ko matakaw sa pataba ang mga hybrid rice and it requires great attention  in seed and seedling management. Kailangan robust ang kanilang seedlings and their roots must be fully developed and should remain intact to minimize transplanting shock. Kelangan un para mafully utilize ang hybrid vigor nya para mas maraming uhay ng palay na tutubo.

11

Re: highest rice yield per hectare achieved in the philippines

I AM IMPRESSED WITH THE YIELD OF SL 8 HYBRID RICE WRITTEN IN MANY PUBLICATIONS.I HAVE READ A LOT ABOUT IT I THINK HYBRID VARIETIES IS THE SOLUTION FOR RICE SELF SUFFICIENCY.I WANT TO TRY PLANTING SL8 BUT I DONT KNOW WHERE TO BUY THE SEEDS.MANY FARMERS WERE RELUCTANT TO TRY THIS BECAUSE THEY USES OLD FARMING PRACTICES WE NEED NEW GENERATION OF FARMERS IN THIS COUNTRY WILLING TO TRY NEW TECH.I AM FROM SAN MATEO ISABELA AND I AM LOOKING FOR HYBRID SEEDS LIKE THIS TO PLANT ANYBODY WHO CAN PROVIDE ME WITH PEOPLE WHERE I CAN BUY WHICH IS NEAR MY PLACE.MY EMAL IS rbcorpuzph@yahoo.com and my contact is 09058898211/09212570590

12

Re: highest rice yield per hectare achieved in the philippines

sir try nyo pong tong link..  http://www.sterlingpaper.com/slagri/february2006.html
google nyo na lang din po philrice..  gudluck po sa pagtatanim nyo..  sl 8 din po ang itatanim namin sa quezon this coming season.

13

Re: highest rice yield per hectare achieved in the philippines

300 cavans of 50kg/cavan of harvest for 1 hectare of land is ridiculous.

In Negros, I have discussed this topic to farmers and What they had told and challenge me " Please demonstrate and use my 1 hectare of land and provide everything to show to them. if you can harvest 300 cavans in 1 hectare, they just want the 100 cavans and the 200 cavans will be yours."

Who will take this challenge here by using the Hybrid Rice Variety.

Because for them they still want to use the in breed Variety which produce 100cavans/hectare.

14

Re: highest rice yield per hectare achieved in the philippines

Hi all,

Just to give you update.

We have an average yield of 68 cavans/ha this cropping using natural farming system. To compare that, my uncle, who is farming the same area had a 73 cavans per hectare using the conventional way. The area are both 3 hectares.

Please do the math with regards to expenses incurred. I have spenta total of not more than Php20,000.00 for the 3ha farm.

Our farms in our locality, turned out to below this season. Also, our low yield is attributed to the transition from conventional to natural farming. I am optimistic that next harvest will be a lot higher.

Best regards,
ElmerB

15

Re: highest rice yield per hectare achieved in the philippines

what do you mean by cavan here? cavan of rice po ba itong tinutukoy nyo per hectare?
thanks,
RmR

www.agriculture.ph
www.alaminoscity.gov.ph
yahoo groups (goatraisers, cattleraisers, rarefruit-ph, tubanggatong, vermiculture_owner)

16

Re: highest rice yield per hectare achieved in the philippines

tsaka per harvest po ba iyong 300 "cavans"/hectare? interested lang po ako kasi sa amin sa Alaminos City, we harvested around 170 sacks of palay sa 1 1/2 hectare. rainfed po ang palayan namin dun.

salamat po uli sa makakasagot sa katanungan ko...
RmR

www.agriculture.ph
www.alaminoscity.gov.ph
yahoo groups (goatraisers, cattleraisers, rarefruit-ph, tubanggatong, vermiculture_owner)

17

Re: highest rice yield per hectare achieved in the philippines

Hi,

Cavans here might mean the yield per hectare.



ElmerB

18 (edited by Ross dela Cruz Dec 11 2008 08:14:30)

Re: highest rice yield per hectare achieved in the philippines

Last harvest season, farmers who planted hybrid variety have good harvest in our place. They have positive attitude towards the new planting technique of hybrid rice. However, biglang tumaas ang presyo ng abono, umabot ng P1,700 per sack??????

Cavan is a measurement, 4 na balde = one cavan, approximately 42-47 kls.

19

Re: highest rice yield per hectare achieved in the philippines

hi ross
       san k s laguna?may binebenta k b bgas,magkano at ano variety????

20

Re: highest rice yield per hectare achieved in the philippines

chinA,

My rice mill is located in Brgy. Taytay, Nagcarlan, Laguna. Ang harvest last season ay Angelica, Dinorado at Hybrid type, kaya itong type na ito ang available na pang benta. P1,500 per sack, 50 kls.

You can contact me at: wintuha@yahoo.com

Thanks

21 (edited by Olidoki Dec 31 2008 02:14:33)

Re: highest rice yield per hectare achieved in the philippines

If anyone is interested to increase their harvest by 30-100%, reduce fertilizer use by 30-50%, reduce pesticide/herbicide/moluscide by 30-50% and kill about 99% of the kuhol before you transplant your seedling, just contact me.

If you have a farmers cooperative, we can do a free seminar on how to achieve the above using our products.

Distributors are welcome anywhere in the country. Initial capital investmest is only 2k with high quality products(non-agri). For details, just contact me.   

Products are with 100% SATISFACTION GUARANTEE. Good for palay, corn, vegestables, fruits, sugarcane, jathropa, ornamental plants, etc...
Already used all over the Philippines and in 30+ countries.

I am based in Calamba/Sta Cruz, Laguna.

Thank you! :)

22

Re: highest rice yield per hectare achieved in the philippines

Sabi ni rman 717:

1. Improve soil texture and productivity by the on-site rapid production of organic fertilizer from the unburn plant residues, old roots and dry straw through the application of Philor Xemas probiotic degrader.
2.Boost the plant’s productivity by foliar application of Philo ANAA, a plant-growth promotant and vitamin solution together with chelated secondary and microelements that immediately increase the plant’s overall growth rate, and its rate of utilizing externally supplied plant-growth inputs.
3.Apply Philor X-R-C inputs-soluble silicon to reinforce plant structure to minimize lodging. Additionally, the protocol requires the practice of a 10-day cycle of intermittent irrigation after the first week of rice-seedling transplant.


In the 2005 dry-season planting, Gabuyo, using Puyat’s inputs and methodology, harvested 337 cavans per hectare, 100 more than the Mindanao champion. There was a successive increase in yields: 346 in 2006, 354 in 2007.

Bakit kaya mahina ang reaction sa Gabuyo Puyat method?

Kulang ba sa paniwala ang mga rice farmers natin na maaring makakuha ng 300 plus cavans na palay per hectare?

23

Re: highest rice yield per hectare achieved in the philippines

Compatible po kaya ang hybrid rice using vermicompost at vermi-tea lang ang gagamitin?

Alex F. Gonzales
http://alxfarm.multiply.com/

24 (edited by gpbaron May 16 2009 19:09:52)

Re: highest rice yield per hectare achieved in the philippines

The term "Xemas" mentioned above is probably the same as or another version of "EMAS" which also means EM Activated Solution or Effective Microorganisms Activated Solution. EM or Effective Microorganisms were discovered by a Japanese scientist many years ago. Many people around the world have tried it & attest that it works.

Many local entrepreneurs sell EMAS. Some buy genuine EM from the local authorized distributor in Alabang; "activate the solution" (where 1 liter of EM becomes 30 liters of EMAS) & repackage the product. If you buy EMAS instead of making your own, make sure it was made recently from original EM stock. Activated EM has a limited shelf life so it is the better if it is fresh or newly made. I would also be careful in buying or using EMAS made from previously prepared EMAS on the premise that activated microorgansms multiply indefinitely. For more information see: http://emrpi.com/site/index.php?option= … p;Itemid=1

[b}IMO[/b] or Indigenous Microorganisms is another concoction that works like EM except that microorganisms are native. They can be made or sourced locally. A popular IMO can be made by cooking rice & leaving it in a covered container & in a cool spot for 3 days until whitish moldy filaments have formed. For more information see: http://rverzola.wordpress.com/2008/10/3 … nisms-imo/.

FIND OUT more about CACAO BEAN Chocolates at www.facebook.com/BeanToBarDarkChocolates & see my other posts about BioGAS, the Plant ROOT Injector & Harvesting RAIN

25

Re: highest rice yield per hectare achieved in the philippines

d2 po sa amin, ang isan cavan would weigh 60 to 70 kls mhrp ang farm to market road. atleat sa 1 hec, 80 to 100 cavan ang harvest.. kng meron man po na HR, marami po gusto na mag try kaso walng supply khit inquire pa kmi sa DA.. belong po kmi sa 3rd class municipality.. one reason din po cguro un na wlang HR d2 sa lugar nmin.. alibi lagi ng DA walng supply.. may point din cla ksi corn capital of the philippines lugar nmin wer in fact wla na supply ng mais.. wat a shame....

pigzilla101@yahoo.com

26

Re: highest rice yield per hectare achieved in the philippines

So much information to take in here. Ang dami, so useful.

27

Re: highest rice yield per hectare achieved in the philippines

gilvyn wrote:

300 cavans of 50kg/cavan of harvest for 1 hectare of land is ridiculous.

In Negros, I have discussed this topic to farmers and What they had told and challenge me " Please demonstrate and use my 1 hectare of land and provide everything to show to them. if you can harvest 300 cavans in 1 hectare, they just want the 100 cavans and the 200 cavans will be yours."

Who will take this challenge here by using the Hybrid Rice Variety.

Because for them they still want to use the in breed Variety which produce 100cavans/hectare.

sir gilvyn, alam mo ba kung saan makapagpa -test ng lupa?
yung taniman ng nanay ay wala na talagang mapiga/ani. tulad na lamang ng huling anihan, sa 2 hektarya ay 60 cavans lang ang nakuha....
maraming salamat po.

28

Re: highest rice yield per hectare achieved in the philippines

hi i was wondering what the exact procedure used to get a yield of 300 cavans/h or something like that? where can the philor xemas, ANAA, X-rice, and miracle booster be bought or ordered? are there any other subsitutes that can provide the same results?

29 (edited by nagomi Jun 11 2011 17:42:52)

Re: highest rice yield per hectare achieved in the philippines

Thanks for your information

Entrepreneur Interview

30 (edited by janiero Sep 16 2012 09:48:21)

Re: highest rice yield per hectare achieved in the philippines

romer wrote:

tsaka per harvest po ba iyong 300 "cavans"/hectare? interested lang po ako kasi sa amin sa Alaminos City, we harvested around 170 sacks of palay sa 1 1/2 hectare. rainfed po ang palayan namin dun.

salamat po uli sa makakasagot sa katanungan ko...
RmR


Anong seeds po gamit nyo?

31

Re: highest rice yield per hectare achieved in the philippines

Here is one of the news about SRI:

https://flar.org/en/philippines-indian- … ice-yield/

32

Re: highest rice yield per hectare achieved in the philippines

https://rverzola.wordpress.com/2013/07/ … ice-yield/

SRI success on first try: how a “weekend farmer” in Laur, Nueva Ecija got a 338-cavan/hectare rice yield

The results of a 2013 “backyard experiment” in a new rice-growing method by “weekend farmer” and physician Dr. Apolinar Tolentino Jr. has astounded his friends and colleagues.

From the control plot of 540 square meters using conventional methods, he got 12 cavans, or 220 cavans/hectare – quite high by Philippine standards. But from the experimental plot of 1,035 square meters using a new method called system of rice intensification (SRI), which he was trying for the very first time, he got 35 cavans, or 338 cavans/hectares – 54% higher than his control plot and more than four times the national average!

Successful physician, frustrated weekend farmer

Dr. Tolentino, whose specialty is family medicine, has been a medical officer of a government corporation for more than 20 years. He is married to another doctor, who enjoys a successful medical practice as pediatrician. Their children study in the best schools in the country.

Despite these marks of success, “Doc Joey” remains engaged in a search to improve income – his farm income, that is. In addition to his successful career as a physician, Doc Joey is also a “weekend farmer,” as he calls himself. He farms, he says, not only for himself and his family, but for all farmers in the country. If he can make his farm operation viable while keeping to “natural methods of farming”, then his approach might serve as a model for other farmers.

On weekends and some weekdays, Doc Joey’s son Percival Jerome (“PJ”) drives him from Quezon City to the six-hectare family farm in Laur, Nueva Ecija that his deceased mother and five other aunts and uncles inherited from their parents. Doc Joey took on the responsibility of managing the rice farm, with son PJ on his side, to try out various ideas that can make rice farming a viable operation.

In between his visits, his paternal cousin Benny Tolentino takes over and implements his “remote” instructions. Eventually, they managed to raise the farm’s yield from 60-80 to 100-120 cavans/hectare. The national average is only slightly below 80 cavans/hectare. Still, he was far from satisfied with the yields they were getting and the costs they were incurring. The margins were frustratingly low, he says.

“I won’t even factor in the cost of driving from Quezon City to Laur and back, or the time I spend managing the farm and travelling,” he adds.

A viable option emerges

Doc Joey’s search for viable farm options led him to the system of rice intensification (SRI).

SRI is a method of growing rice developed in the 1980s by Fr. Henri de Laulanié, a Jesuit priest stationed in Madagascar, a big island off the African east coast.

SRI went viral in the 2000s when Dr. Norman Uphoff, a Cornell University scientist studying irrigation systems, came across it, picked up the torch from de Laulanié, and started promoting SRI evaluations worldwide.

Before he did so, however, Uphoff spent years quietly evaluating the method. “For a long time,” Uphoff told a Filipino audience when he visited the country in 2002, “I couldn’t even mention SRI in my public talks, lest I associate Cornell’s name with what might turn out to be a false claim.”

But after three years of joint evaluations and demonstrations with Association Tefy Saina, the non-government organization which de Laulanié organized with local colleagues and left behind (he died in 1995), Uphoff was convinced that SRI benefits were real. He saw how smallholding farmers raised their yields from 2 to 8 tons/hectare just by changing the way they took care of their rice fields.

Having taught rural development for more than 30 years at Cornell, which hosts hundreds of foreign students a year in its agriculture program, Uphoff had a worldwide network of former students to tap. Also, Cornell received a steady stream of visitors engaged in agricultural and rural development. As director of the Cornell International Institute for Food, Agriculture and Development (CIIFAD) from 1990 to 2005, he travelled abroad regularly and had the opportunity to visit many countries.

Doing so, he started a campaign of encouraging everyone he met, including his former students of course, to “evaluate SRI scientifically.” SRI’s critics characterized Uphoff’s efforts as “missionary zeal” to question his credibility. “He has become an SRI advocate,” they charged. But Uphoff responded that what he was advocating was “the evaluation of SRI within the scientific community.” If scientists and farmers were satisfied with the results, they could decide themselves what to do with their new knowledge.

The establishment strikes back

Uphoff’s detractors, some of them based at the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), went so far as to label his reports on SRI as based on “unconfirmed field observations (UFOs)” in articles published in scientific journals – an ultimate insult to a scientist. Some wrote that the SRI results reported by Uphoff exceeded what they calculated to be the theoretical maximums based on their agronomic models, implying that the top yields with SRI methods must be false. “Perhaps it is their current theories that need revision,” Uphoff suggests. “By focusing on the top yields, they diverted attention from the large increases in average yield achieved with SRI management – increases which were well within any concept of ‘biological maximum yield’,” he adds.

This early, highly-publicized opposition to SRI by IRRI scientists could be a major reason for SRI’s relatively slow spread in the Philippines, where IRRI is based. Local agriculture experts and government agriculturists look up to IRRI and they echoed these early criticisms of IRRI scientists, though much of these criticisms later turned out to be unfounded.

Many of these early critics are now silent, but they’ve never published any retraction of their unfounded criticisms, nor apologies for their insulting labels. Even today, some government agriculturists, especially those who are not updated about recent research, still cite arguments echoing these early critics.

To review the state of SRI research in the Philippines and other countries, the Central Bicol State University for Agriculture (CBSUA) is hosting an SRI research roundtable and lecture series on June 4, 2013 at the CBSUA campus in Pili, Camarines Sur. With Dr. Lucy Fisher, CIIFAD staff and a colleague of Uphoff, as guest speaker, the occasion will provide SRI researchers from CBSUA, UP Los Banos, Central Luzon State University, Visayas State University and other schools the opportunity to share and discuss their results.

Doc Joey picked up bits and pieces of the SRI debates, as he browsed the Web and explored YouTube for information, reading all he could about SRI. But he was really after knowledge he could use in his farm.

Eventually he came across SRI Pilipinas, the local network that promotes SRI in the Philippines. This network of SRI trainers conducts free trainings and seminars to farmers’ groups and provides free text/SMS lessons as well as primers to individual farmers. It is launching a “friendly contest” in 2013 and 2014 among SRI adopters to see who can get the most benefits from these methods. Doc Joey attended one of its seminars.

Case for SRI now overwhelming

By this time, as Doc Joey realized at the seminar, the case for SRI has become overwhelming.

For one thing, it has been tried successfully in more than 50 countries. (SRI’s phenomenal spread – often without support from government or agriculture authorities – has so confounded the agriculture establishment that the Gates Foundation funded Wageningen University researchers to study SRI as a “socio-technical” phenomenon.)

In November 2011, five farmers in Bihar, India – all using SRI which they had learned three years earlier – had matched or exceeded the world record for palay (paddy rice) yield of scientist and hybrid rice developer Dr. Yuan Long-ping of China. The best of the five SRI farmers, Sumant Kumar, now holds the new world record: 20.03 tons/hectare (22.4 tons – 448 cavans – before drying). The average yield in the Philippines is less than 4 tons/hectare (80 cavans).

Then, in August 2012, Dr. Yang Saing Koma of Cambodia received the prestigious Ramon Magsaysay Award, in large part because he convinced the Cambodian government to adopt SRI as an official program nationwide and helped it implement the program. As a result, Cambodia doubled its national rice production within eight years, from 3.82 million tons in 2002 to 7.97 million tons in 2010. Earlier, the Philippines had announced that they had signed a memorandum of agreement with the Cambodian government to import rice from Cambodia in the next two years.

Several Indian states have, for years, promoted SRI as part of the official government rice program, accounting for significant increases in their rice production. In the Nalanda district of the state of Bihar, where Sumant Kumar made his record-breaking harvest in 2011, 90% of farmers already use SRI. When India’s 2012 rice export statistics came in, they showed India’s rice exports jumping to 10.3 million tons, up from 4.8 million tons in 2011, thanks in part to this early focus on SRI. This doubling of exports has made India top rice exporter for 2012, ahead of Vietnam (7.7 million tons) and traditional leader Thailand (7.0 million tons).

Trying SRI for the first time

In the first cropping season of 2013, Doc Joey made up his mind to try SRI.

On his request, SRI Pilipinas assigned its Nueva Ecija-based trainer and Luzon coordinator, Venancio Garde Jr. of Gabaldon, to help him out. The two were distant relatives, it turned out.

With Jun Garde’s help, Doc Joey started his first SRI trial during the 2013 dry season, on a 45-meter x 23-meter plot. His Facebook entry called the 1,035 square-meter trial “a backyard experiment with lots of limitations.” A modest description of an experiment whose objective was “just to give my farmer-cousin a hands-on training in SRI and to find out if the technique will work in our rice farm.” He would have been satisfied with “anything above 150 cavans/hectare,” – roughly double the national average.

For seed, Doc Joey used a high-yielding Indonesian inbred rice variety he got from a trophobiotic practitioner he met in Facebook.

In his desire to convert his entire six-hectares into an organic rice farm quickly, Doc Joey stopped chemical applications immediately and applied the following on his six-hectare farm, including the 1,035-sqm plot where he was testing SRI for the first time:

Organic input    Details
Green manure    20 kg/ha munggo (mung beans) broadcast before land preparation, then harrowed at the flowering stage
Vermicast    5 bags/ha on last harrowing and an additional 2 bags as top dressing for the SRI plot only
Chicken manure    15 bags/ha
Goat manure    Unknown amount, “I just gave instructions to dump all goat manure on the SRI plot during land preparation.”
Indigenous micro-organisms 2 (IMO-2)    Sprayed on the field after the first harrowing, at a rate of 30ml / 16L sprayer and 5 sprayers/ha to speed up decomposition
Vermi-tea    6 kg of vermi-cast in 100ml water with 3 kg molasses, brewed for 48 hours and used to dilute the NF concoctions (see below)
Natural Farming (NF) concoctions    IMO, Fish/Kuhol Amino Acid with seaweeds, Fermented Plant Juice, Fermented Fruit Juice, Oriental Herbal Nutriet, Calphos, calcium from eggshell, and Lactic Acid Bacteria Serum
Vermi-tea with NF    Sprayed every week starting 7 days after transplanting
After listing them all, Doc Joey himself expresses amazement at the amount of organic inputs they put in.

They transplanted the seedlings with care when they were just 10 days old, putting one seedling per hill, and observing the recommended distance of 25 x 25 cm. The fields were alternately flooded and dried, to encourage profuse and deep root growth. Finally, Doc Joey bought two rotary weeders from a Gabaldon specialty shop for the mandatory shallow cultivation every 7-10 days, required by SRI to aerate the soil and control weeds.

No chemical inputs were used at all.

In a separate 27-meter x 20-meter control plot, Doc Joey planted the same variety, using the conventional methods of growing rice: broadcasting directly into the field and fertilizing with a mix of organic and chemical inputs.

Korean Natural Farming, Filipino-style

Under the supervision of Doc Joey and with Jun’s advice, resident farmer Benny Tolentino and his wife Teodora also learned to make compost and various “concoctions,” as they are known in organic circles.

The concoctions are fermented mixes made from commonly available materials, which can hasten composting, enhance growth, add more nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, or calcium, and generally provide the same things that chemical treatments provide, but in an organic way. This system of making concoctions is separately known as the “Korean Natural Farming System” (KNFS), because it was developed by scientist Dr. Han Kyu Cho of Korea. Although not part of SRI, KNFS complements it perfectly and is taught together with SRI by SRI Pilipinas in its seminars and trainings. Doc Joey calls the system “NF,” for “Natural Farming”.

While doing all these things, Doc Joey shared every step of the way, as the trial went along, with his online friends, all natural farming enthusiasts.

He also shared tidbits of information gathered from the local SRI network that were useful to farmers. For instance:

On attacks by the Golden Kuhol (a common criticism of the SRI method): “in our experience using SRI, kuhol was not a problem despite wide infestation in our area [because we plant] the seedling in mud instead of submerging it in water, [and they] cannot move well in mud; the spacing is so wide [that the] kuhol senses that it is not worth their effort to go for a very small plantlet and have to travel wide to get to the next; we collect kuhol including the eggs to make it into fertilizer.”

To control rats: some SRI farmers roast raw rice [and] then mix it with some cement, using plastic gloves to prevent human smell from giving the mixture away. The fragrant aroma of roasted rice attracts the rats. The powdery cement quickly turns solid in the rats’ gut, leading to their death.

Doc Joey’s online friend Eddie Canuto, also an SRI adopter, shares another technique: wearing plastic gloves as usual, get some “is-is” leaves (“takinis” in Ilonggo, often used in scouring pots or as native sandpaper; scientific name, Leucosyke capitellata). Put some sardine sauce on them and leave them where rats tend to go. When the rats lick the sauce, the “hair” of the is-is will stick like needles to their tongue, impairing their eating ability and eventually killing them.

Thus, vicariously, Doc Joey’s online friends shared the excitement, the challenges, the joys and disappointments of growing rice with their fellow natural farming practitioner.

Success on first try

The SRI result astounded everyone – 338 cavans/hectare, more than four times the national average, using no hybrid seeds or chemical inputs, and on Doc Joey’s first try at SRI and first season of organic conversion at that!

Encouraged, he will now be trying SRI in the coming planting season on a half-hectare rice field, to make sure that SRI will also work on a larger scale. If he succeeds, he says, he will try SRI again in a full hectare. “If the results are still convincing, then SRI will be my sole method of rice planting in the six-hectare farm.”

“The real significance of Doc Joey’s feat,” Dr. Mely Cervantes, researcher and head of extension services of CBSUA explains, “is that it shows how farmers can improve their yields quickly, without using expensive hybrid varieties which they can use only once or similarly expensive chemical inputs that poison not only soil organisms but also the farmers themselves as well as their families.”

When SRI Pilipinas learned about the results, the group immediately suggested to Doc Joey to ask a Department of Agriculture representative to double-check the harvest and certify their findings. Unfortunately, the entire SRI crop had been harvested. “Actually, it was furthest from my mind that the outcome will be like this,” Doc Joey tells his online friends.

Doc Joey says he will try again on a larger scale – a 0.5-hectare rice field. And this time, he will be “more particular about documentation,” he says.

SRI Pilipinas also asked Doc Joey to join their 2013 contest, but the doctor demurred.

“I don’t like pressures,” he reasons. “My blood pressure might rise uncontrolled if I join,” he laughs.

“Pressure is good, Doc,” counters one of his online friends.

“Join the contest not to win, but to test yourself,” the group’s coordinator suggests. “Like some marathons, our contest is a competition among friends, and for most participants, finishing it is victory enough,” he adds.

Government support needed

Venancio Garde Jr., the SRI trainer who advised Doc Joey and who serves as the SRI Pilipinas coordinator for North Luzon, explains that they are using the contest format to promote knowledge of SRI more widely among farmers. “What we really need, though,” he says, “is for the government to promote SRI officially among farmers, like what the governments of Bihar and Cambodia have done.” With SRI, Cambodia doubled its national rice production in eight years. Bihar, a state in northeast India, was previously one of the most depressed areas in the country. With SRI, it is moving today to overtake Punjab as India’s top rice producer.

Garde thinks that an administration which adopts SRI as a government program will bring the country rice self-sufficiency within its term.

And it will make rice farming a viable operation for farmers, Doc Joey might add.

33

Re: highest rice yield per hectare achieved in the philippines

Ross dela Cruz wrote:

chinA,

My rice mill is located in Brgy. Taytay, Nagcarlan, Laguna. Ang harvest last season ay Angelica, Dinorado at Hybrid type, kaya itong type na ito ang available na pang benta. P1,500 per sack, 50 kls.

You can contact me at: wintuha@yahoo.com

Thanks


hi Ross.
how much would it cost me to put up my own rice mill?
how and where do I start?
Thanks in advance and God bless

34

Re: highest rice yield per hectare achieved in the philippines

We need to monitor the harvest of this person(Dennis Miguel). Please see this website from Manila Bulletin:

http://newsbits.mb.com.ph/2017/04/19/ca … e-harvest/

It was harvested yesterday.

35 (edited by jsrionda Apr 27 2017 01:22:17)

Re: highest rice yield per hectare achieved in the philippines

Here is the latest word and update from SRI Isabela:

http://newsbits.mb.com.ph/2017/04/27/fr … r-hectare/

Dennis Miguel, the fellow who wanted to break the world record of 20.2 tons of palay per hectare achieved in India, did not quite make it but what he has proven is that a rainfed rice farm that used to produce only about 50 cavans per hectare can yield four times, or 200 cavans.

At the Simon’s Farm in Brgy. Luna in Santiago, Isabela where Dennis implemented the System for Rice Intensification (SRI) technique developed by Cornell University experts, he was able to produce 10.8 tons of palay (fresh weight) per hectare. That’s equivalent to 216 cavans per hectare.

On April 20, the harvesting, threshing and weighing of the palay was done by representatives of the Philippine Rice Research Institute (PhilRice) and the Departmet of Agriculture in Region 2. Three 10-square meter areas in different parts of the farm were selected for harvesting. Many farmers as well as some government officials were present to witness the harvesting.

The farm is not ideal for planting rice because it is rainfed and the soil nutrients must have been depleted during the past many rice planting seasons. But Dennis chose to do his demo planting of SRI to see how the SRI technique will come out despite the challenging situation.

According to Eric Pungan, the owner of the farm, in the last three years, they were only able to harvest the equivalent of less than 50 cavans per hectare. It’s 70 to 77 cavans from 1.5 hectares.

The result is an eye-opener. It means that the rainfed areas in many parts of the Philippines can be made to produce high yields by following the System of Rice Intensification. The system can be adopted by smallhold farmers because it might be quite difficult to adopt in large areas where water management may be a big challenge. Under SRI, taking care of the rice plants is like gardening where the requirements of the plants are precise. Like, for instance, the use of very young seedlings with only two leaves and planting only one seedling per hill. In large farms, the young seedlings that are newly planted can be carried away by flash floods or heavy rains.

While adopting the SRI can be demanding, it is one way of ensuring viable income and food security among smallhold farmers. Imagine, Dennis has proven that a one-hectare rainfed farm can produce the usual yield of four hectares.

While Dennis has not achieved his big dream of breaking the world rice record harvest, he is not giving up. In fact he will continue to keep on innovating until he achieves his goal. The owner of the farm, Eric Pungan, is a 33-year-old businessman who is very much interested in agriculture. Together Dennis and Eric will collaborate in undertaking improvement not only of rice production but of other crops like corn, herbs and vegetables.

For undertaking the SRI project and new projects in the offing, Dennis has been depending on the help of seven students from the Isabela State University who are pursuing agriculture studies. They are given cash allowance and food. What is really important for the students is that they acquire hands-on experience in farming. If they decide to be on their own later on, their experience can be a very important asset.

Aside from the students, Drnnis also relied on the assistance of friends like Anthony Cortes who is the distributor of Supravim, an organic plant growth accelerator from the United States. Supravim was sprayed on the leaves of the rice plants four times—every 15  days starting on the 15th day after transplanting and every 15  days thereafter. Supravim is claimed to enhance root development and tiller production. It helps more efficient uptake of nutrients from the soil.

In the particular SRI project, Dennis said that they spent a total of about P50,000 to produce the 10.8 tons of fresh palay. When dried, the recovery has been computed by the PhilRice representative to be 9.05 tons or about 180.01 cavans. If the 9.05 tons were sold at P19 per kilo, the gross would be P171,950. Deduct the P50,000 spent in producing the rice and you will get a profit of P121,950 per hectare.

If the farmer chooses to mill his own harvest and sell milled rice, he could make even more.

Of course, the farmer will not spend all his time, day in and day out, taking care of his SRI plants. He can do other things like producing high-value vegetables for added income.