One of the best windbreak is bamboo. You can choose from more than 1200 species. In the Philippines, sympodial or clumping species are the best. You can choose from small, medium, giant or large(or timber bamboo).
Considered large are Bambusa blumeana (Kawayang tinik), Dendrocalamus asper (Giant bamboo), Dendrocalamus latiflorus (Machiku), Schizostachyum lumampao (Buho), Gigantochloa levis (Bolo), Bambusa sp.2 (Bayog), Gigantochloa atter (Kayali).
Medium size are Bambusa vulgaris (Kawayang kiling or Tawi-anak), Schizostachyum lima (Anos), Schizostachyum brachycladum (Bali sacred bamboo), Thyrsostachys siamensis (Thailand Monastery bamboo), Bambusa sp.1 (Laak).
Small bamboos are, Bambusa multiflex rivierum (Green Hedge bamboo), Bambusa "Alfhonse Karr" (Yellow Hedge bamboo), Schizostachyum "Murray island" (Small buho).
There are lots of species that you can choose from and are readily available in the country. But sadly many people also are not aware of their existence.
The advantages of planting bamboos as a windbreak are many. Foremost is that they are fast growing (Full maturity at about 5 years). Its culms (poles) and branches will not break easily except during Category 5 or very, very strong typhoons(Which many trees will not survive, anyway) but the clump will regenerate easily as early as a year. Good source of poles and trellis materials for the farm. Readily renewable even if several poles are cut from a clump at the same time as it always produce replacement shoots (labong) that can serve also as a nutritious vegetable or food. Its root system is extensive which can prevent soil erosion.
One may try bamboo as a windbreak as I did. It also will not take much space. In my case, I planted G. levis (Bolo) along the perimeter of my farm, 2 meters near the fence and at 3 meters interval. Now they are an almost impenetrable "security" fence and very soon will provide me with a ready source of mature poles and delicious shoots for food.
However, there are really other plants or trees that you can plant as a windbreak like Sampaloc or Pili as Mr. Rola has said. You can also try Bago' (Gnetom genom). This is a good source of nutritious vegetables as well and is of a medium height tree. It is also a very handsome tree if one plants it as hedge with shiny elongated leaves that looks like Bignay. Bignay is a good medium size windbreak tree as well.
Well, whatever kind of windbreak we choose, will really depend on each one of us. But our options are really wide open.